Enzymatic Degradation of PrPSc by a Protease Secreted from Aeropyrum pernix K1Reportar como inadecuado




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Background

An R30 fraction from the growth medium of Aeropyrum pernix was analyzed for the protease that can digest the pathological prion protein isoform PrPSc from different species human, bovine, deer and mouse.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Degradation of the PrPSc isoform by the R30 fraction and the purified protease was evaluated using the 6H4 anti-PrP monoclonal antibody. Fragments from the N-terminal and C-terminal of PrPSc were also monitored by Western blotting using the EB8 anti-PrP monoclonal antibody, and by dot blotting using the C7-5 anti-PrP monoclonal antibody, respectively. For detection of smaller peptides from incomplete digestion of PrPSc, the EB8 monoclonal antibody was used after precipitation with sodium phosphotungstate. Characterization of the purified active protease from the R30 fraction was achieved, through purification by fast protein liquid chromatography, and identification by tandem mass spectrometry the serine metalloprotease pernisine. SDS-PAGE and zymography show the purified pernisine plus its proregion with a molecular weight of ca. 45 kDa, and the mature purified pernisine as ca. 23 kDa. The purified pernisine was active between 58°C and 99°C, and between pH 3.5 and 8.0. The temperature and pH optima of the enzymatic activity of the purified pernisine in the presence of 1 mM CaCl2 were 105°C ±0.5°C and pH 6.5±0.2, respectively.

Conclusions-Significance

Our study has identified and characterized pernisine as a thermostable serine metalloprotease that is secreted from A. pernix and that can digest the pathological prion protein PrPSc.



Autor: Marko Šnajder, Tanja Vilfan, Maja Černilec, Ruth Rupreht, Mara Popović, Polona Juntes, Vladka Čurin Šerbec, Nataša Poklar U

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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