Rational Redesign of Glucose Oxidase for Improved Catalytic Function and StabilityReport as inadecuate

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Glucose oxidase GOx is an enzymatic workhorse used in the food and wine industries to combat microbial contamination, to produce wines with lowered alcohol content, as the recognition element in amperometric glucose sensors, and as an anodic catalyst in biofuel cells. It is naturally produced by several species of fungi, and genetic variants are known to differ considerably in both stability and activity. Two of the more widely studied glucose oxidases come from the species Aspergillus niger A. niger and Penicillium amagasakiense P. amag., which have both had their respective genes isolated and sequenced. GOx from A. niger is known to be more stable than GOx from P. amag., while GOx from P. amag. has a six-fold superior substrate affinity KM and nearly four-fold greater catalytic rate kcat. Here we sought to combine genetic elements from these two varieties to produce an enzyme displaying both superior catalytic capacity and stability. A comparison of the genes from the two organisms revealed 17 residues that differ between their active sites and cofactor binding regions. Fifteen of these residues in a parental A. niger GOx were altered to either mirror the corresponding residues in P. amag. GOx, or mutated into all possible amino acids via saturation mutagenesis. Ultimately, four mutants were identified with significantly improved catalytic activity. A single point mutation from threonine to serine at amino acid 132 mutant T132S, numbering includes leader peptide led to a three-fold improvement in kcat at the expense of a 3% loss of substrate affinity increase in apparent KM for glucose resulting in a specify constant kcat-KM of 23.8 mM−1 · s−1 compared to 8.39 for the parental A. niger GOx and 170 for the P. amag. GOx. Three other mutant enzymes were also identified that had improvements in overall catalysis: V42Y, and the double mutants T132S-T56V and T132S-V42Y, with specificity constants of 31.5, 32.2, and 31.8 mM−1 · s−1, respectively. The thermal stability of these mutants was also measured and showed moderate improvement over the parental strain.

Author: J. Todd Holland, Jason C. Harper, Patricia L. Dolan, Monica M. Manginell, Dulce C. Arango, Julia A. Rawlings, Christopher A. Apbl

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/


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