Interspecific Germline Transmission of Cultured Primordial Germ CellsReportar como inadecuado

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In birds, the primordial germ cell PGC lineage separates from the soma within 24 h following fertilization. Here we show that the endogenous population of about 200 PGCs from a single chicken embryo can be expanded one million fold in culture. When cultured PGCs are injected into a xenogeneic embryo at an equivalent stage of development, they colonize the testis. At sexual maturity, these donor PGCs undergo spermatogenesis in the xenogeneic host and become functional sperm. Insemination of semen from the xenogeneic host into females from the donor species produces normal offspring from the donor species. In our model system, the donor species is chicken Gallus domesticus and the recipient species is guinea fowl Numida meleagris, a member of a different avian family, suggesting that the mechanisms controlling proliferation of the germline are highly conserved within birds. From a pragmatic perspective, these data are the basis of a novel strategy to produce endangered species of birds using domesticated hosts that are both tractable and fecund.

Autor: Marie-Cecile van de Lavoir , Ellen J. Collarini, Philip A. Leighton, Jeffrey Fesler, Daniel R. Lu, William D. Harriman, T. S. Thi



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