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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.34 supplement 2 No.2 April 2010. -

The aim of this study is to show what part of our County has the most population with age-related macular degeneration ARMD and how some types frequently appear in same parts. The County includes 3 different geographic areas: Gorski Kotar, Coast and Islands. ARMD is the leading cause of visual impairment and blindness in developed countries. There are two categories of ARMD: atrophic or »dry« ARMD and exudative or »wet« ARMD. Our epidemiological study group includes 60 patients 33 females, 27 males with both types of ARMD and they mostly spent their life times in our County. Patients were examined and treated in our Clinic during 2008 and 2009. We also examined which contribution factor age, genetics, UV-exposure, diet, iris and macular pigment is more common and found a links with occupation, residence and habits. Our study shows that ARMD in our County is most frequent in interval of 61–80 years. Incidence of ARMD is mild increased in female 55%. Significant incidence of ARMD is connected with patients who work outdoor more than 5 hours daily 70 %. There were no significant difference between patients in different areas-Gorski Kotar andCoast p=0.9260, Gorski Kotar and Islands p=0.8382 and Coast and Islands p=0.8546 connected with occupations. Regions Coast and Islands had more cases of ARMD than Gorski Kotar, but in Gorski Kotar patients had greater percent of »wet« type. Difference is statistically significant between areas Gorski Kotar and Islands c2=4.675, p=0.0306. Also, there were statistically significant difference in nutrition between Gorski Kotar and Islands c2=4.17, p=0.0411. Incidence of ARMD is related with less iris and macular pigment-47 patients 77%. There was an increased risk for exudative type in Tr{}e and ^abar in Gorski Kotar.

age-related macular degeneration; distribution; Croatia



Autor: Tea Čaljkušić-Mance - ; Department of Ophthalmology, Rijeka University Hospital, Rijeka, Croatia Damir Kovačević - ; Departm

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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