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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.34 No.1 March 2010. -

Current cytological service in Croatia is organised in 46 cytological organisational units in 23 towns with total of 350 employees: 101 specialists of clinical cytology, 20 residents in clinical cytology, 141 cytotechnologists cytoscreeners, 45 health technicians, and 25 administrators and 18 auxiliary personnel. In spite of employment of significant number of cytotechnologists in the last ten years, there is still an unacceptable ratio of number of cytologists and cytotechnologists 1:1.4 which is the result of unresolved education of cytotechnologists which should be permanent, complete and acknowledged. Education and scientific promotion of cytologists is continuous and today our profession has 31 masters of science and 9 doctors of science, one of which is the assistant professor, and four of them are associate or full professors at medical schools in Zagreb and Osijek. Croatian cytology, in average, is in its »best years«, i.e. an average cytologist is 46 years old and cytotechnologist is averagely 43 years old, but »suffers« from personnel deficit. With regard to the type of activity, the most numerous are units dealing the entire diagnostic cytology 72%, 13% general cytology without gynaecological cytology, while 15% are engaged in one diagnostic field gynaecological, pulmological or thyroid cytology. According to accessible data, total of 770996 cytological examinations were done in Croatia in 2008. The increasing application of additional methods cytochemical, immunocytochemical, molecular, cytogenetics and computer-assisted image analysis has become a trend in numerous cytological units. Exclusively morphological analysis of standard stained samples is performed in 37% of units, morphological and cytochemical staining methods are used in 17% of units, and additional immunocytochemical methods in 30% of units. According to the long tradition of cytology in Croatia, that has progressed thanks to the enthusiasm and great effort of our teachers, we believe that the following generations of cytologists will continue working on its improvement and will be able to concord the basic cytomorphology and sophisticated diagnostic procedures with other diagnostics, to stay the field of optimal results in the shortest time with the reasonable price.

clinical cytology; cytological unit; methodology in cytology

Autor: Valerija Miličić-Juhas - ; University of Osijek, School of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia Branka Lončar - ; Department of Clinical



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