Mitochondrial Haplogroups and Control Region Polymorphisms in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case-Control StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Onset and development of the multifactorial disease age-related macular degeneration AMD are highly interrelated with mitochondrial functions such as energy production and free radical turnover. Mitochondrial dysfunction and overproduction of reactive oxygen species may contribute to destruction of the retinal pigment epithelium, retinal atrophy and choroidal neovascularization, leading to AMD. Consequently, polymorphisms of the mitochondrial genome mtDNA are postulated to be susceptibility factors for this disease. Previous studies from Australia and the United States detected associations of mitochondrial haplogroups with AMD. The aim of the present study was to test these associations in Middle European Caucasians.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Mitochondrial haplogroups combinations of mtDNA polymorphisms and mitochondrial CR polymorphisms were analyzed in 200 patients with wet AMD choroidal neovascularization, CNV, in 66 patients with dry AMD, and in 385 controls from Austria by means of multiplex primer extension analysis and sequencing, respectively. In patients with CNV, haplogroup H was found to be significantly less frequent compared to controls, and haplogroup J showed a trend toward a higher frequency compared to controls. Five CR polymorphisms were found to differ significantly in the two study populations compared to controls, and all, except one T152C, are linked to those haplogroups.

Conclusions-Significance

It can be concluded that haplogroup J is a risk factor for AMD, whereas haplogroup H seems to be protective for AMD.



Autor: Edith E. Mueller , Elena Schaier , Susanne M. Brunner , Waltraud Eder, Johannes A. Mayr, Stefan F. Egger, Christian Nischler, Han

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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