Salmonella Typhimurium infection in diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoiec dogs in Ibadan, NigeriaReportar como inadecuado




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Veterinary Archives, Vol.79 No.4 July 2009. -

The incidence of Salmonella in dogs was investigated to assess the risk of possible transmission of Salmonella from dogs to humans. Salmonella was isolated from 17 3.7% of 458 faecal samples collected from both diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoeic dogs. The infection rate was 3.2% 2 of 62 in a Nigerian local breed and 4.1% 15 of 396 in the Alsatian breed. All the isolates were serotyped as Salmonella Typhimurium. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of all the Salmonella isolates was determined. They demonstrated a high susceptibility to ciprofloxacin 100% and chloramphenicol 89.2% but they were all 100% resistant to erythromycin and Cloxacillin. Resistance was also exhibited to tetracycline 70.6%, ampicillin 47.1%, cefuroxime 52.9%, amoxicillin 35.3%, cotrimaxazole 76.5%, augumentin 52.9%, gentamicin 35.3% and streptomycin 35.3%. Dogs that harbour Salmonella can serve as a source of Salmonella infection to their human companions. They can also disseminate the organism by contaminating the environment thereby exposing the general public and other animals to the risk of infection.

dogs; faeces; public health; Salmonella Typhimurium; antibiotic sensitivity



Autor: Olufemi Ernest Ojo - ; Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agri

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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