A Nonluminescent and Highly Virulent Vibrio harveyi Strain Is Associated with -Bacterial White Tail Disease- of Litopenaeus vannamei ShrimpReportar como inadecuado




A Nonluminescent and Highly Virulent Vibrio harveyi Strain Is Associated with -Bacterial White Tail Disease- of Litopenaeus vannamei Shrimp - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Recurrent outbreaks of a disease in pond-cultured juvenile and subadult Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp in several districts in China remain an important problem in recent years. The disease was characterized by -white tail- and generally accompanied by mass mortalities. Based on data from the microscopical analyses, PCR detection and 16S rRNA sequencing, a new Vibrio harveyi strain designated as strain HLB0905 was identified as the etiologic pathogen. The bacterial isolation and challenge tests demonstrated that the HLB0905 strain was nonluminescent but highly virulent. It could cause mass mortality in affected shrimp during a short time period with a low dose of infection. Meanwhile, the histopathological and electron microscopical analysis both showed that the HLB0905 strain could cause severe fiber cell damages and striated muscle necrosis by accumulating in the tail muscle of L. vannamei shrimp, which led the affected shrimp to exhibit white or opaque lesions in the tail. The typical sign was closely similar to that caused by infectious myonecrosis IMN, white tail disease WTD or penaeid white tail disease PWTD. To differentiate from such diseases as with a sign of -white tail- but of non-bacterial origin, the present disease was named as -bacterial white tail disease BWTD-. Present study revealed that, just like IMN and WTD, BWTD could also cause mass mortalities in pond-cultured shrimp. These results suggested that some bacterial strains are changing themselves from secondary to primary pathogens by enhancing their virulence in current shrimp aquaculture system.



Autor: Junfang Zhou , Wenhong Fang , Xianle Yang, Shuai Zhou, Linlin Hu, Xincang Li, Xinyong Qi, Hang Su, Layue Xie

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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