An Evaluation of the Clinical Assessments of Under-Five Febrile Children Presenting to Primary Health Facilities in Rural GhanaReportar como inadecuado




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Background

The shift to test-based management of malaria represents an important departure from established practice under the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses IMCI. The possibility of false results of tests for malaria and co-morbidity, however, make it important that guidelines in IMCI case assessment are still followed.

Methods and Findings

We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to evaluate current practices in IMCI-based assessment of febrile children in 10 health centres and 5 district hospitals, with follow up of a subset of children to determine day 7–10 post-treatment clinical outcome. Clinical consultation, examination and prescribing practices were recorded using a checklist by trained non-medical observers. The facility case management of 1,983 under-five years old febrile children was observed and 593 followed up at home on days 5–10. The mean number of tasks performed from the 11 tasks expected to be done by the IMCI guidelines was 6 SD 1.6. More than 6 tasks were performed in only 35% of children and this varied substantially between health facilities range 3–85%. All 11 tasks were performed in only 1% of children. The most commonly performed tasks were temperature measurement 91% and weighing 88%. Respiratory rate was checked in only 4% of children presenting with cough or difficulty in breathing. The likelihood of performing -better than average number of tasks- >6 was higher when the consultation was done by medical assistants than doctors O.R. = 3.16, 1.02–9.20. The number of tasks performed during assessment did not, however, influence clinical outcome O.R. = 1.02, 0.83–1.24.

Conclusion

Facility-tailored interventions are needed to improve adherence to IMCI guidelines incorporating test-based management of malaria. Studies are needed to re-evaluate the continued validity of tasks defined in IMCI case assessment guidelines.



Autor: Frank Baiden , Seth Owusu-Agyei, Justina Bawah, Jane Bruce, Mathilda Tivura, Rupert Delmini, Stephaney Gyaase, Seeba Amenga-Etego

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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