Impact of Host Cell Line Adaptation on Quasispecies Composition and Glycosylation of Influenza A Virus HemagglutininReportar como inadecuado

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The genome of influenza A viruses is constantly changing genetic drift resulting in small, gradual changes in viral proteins. Alterations within antibody recognition sites of the viral membrane glycoproteins hemagglutinin HA and neuraminidase NA result in an antigenetic drift, which requires the seasonal update of human influenza virus vaccines. Generally, virus adaptation is necessary to obtain sufficiently high virus yields in cell culture-derived vaccine manufacturing. In this study detailed HA N-glycosylation pattern analysis was combined with in-depth pyrosequencing analysis of the virus genomic RNA. Forward and backward adaptation from Madin-Darby Canine Kidney MDCK cells to African green monkey kidney Vero cells was investigated for two closely related influenza A virus PR-8-34 H1N1 strains: from the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control NIBSC or the Robert Koch Institute RKI. Furthermore, stability of HA N-glycosylation patterns over ten consecutive passages and different harvest time points is demonstrated. Adaptation to Vero cells finally allowed efficient influenza A virus replication in Vero cells. In contrast, during back-adaptation the virus replicated well from the very beginning. HA N-glycosylation patterns were cell line dependent and stabilized fast within one NIBSC-derived virus or two RKI-derived virus successive passages during adaptation processes. However, during adaptation new virus variants were detected. These variants carried -rescue- mutations on the genomic level within the HA stem region, which result in amino acid substitutions. These substitutions finally allowed sufficient virus replication in the new host system. According to adaptation pressure the composition of the virus populations varied. In Vero cells a selection for -rescue- variants was characteristic. After back-adaptation to MDCK cells some variants persisted at indifferent frequencies, others slowly diminished and even dropped below the detection limit.

Autor: Jana Verena Roedig, Erdmann Rapp , Dirk Höper, Yvonne Genzel, Udo Reichl



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