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Fuels and lubricants : journal for tribology, lubrication, application of liquid and gaseous fuels and combustion engineering, Vol.48 No.2 June 2009. -

The paper describes the development of regulations on approved harmful substances emissions from internal combustion engines in Europe from the year 1970 till today, and it also emphasizes their development in the future. Apart from legally restricted use of harmful substances emissions, it also discusses the requirements for fuels which need to be met according to Euro 5 and 6, as well as the CO2 emission, which is not restricted by the law but it is the greenhouse gas covered by the Kyoto Protocol.

A considerable progress has been made in reducing the harmful substances emissions by the constant improvement of cleaning techniques of gas emissions and by the use of more quality fuels. Here we need to emphasize that the quality of fuels required by the Worldwide Fuel Charter – WWFC, which represents the wishes of engine manufacturers, differs from the quality of fuels required by the EU regulations. The development of the future regulations on the emissions and the requirements on the quality of fuels combines the desires and possibilities of engine and vehicle manufacturers, fuel manufacturers, politics, legislation and the pressure of the green activists. The fact that the EU depends on the fuel import and stands out as the leader in the field of alternative fuel use and bringing new, more stringent regulations on harmful substances emissions has a great impact on the body behind the new regulations in the EU.

motor exhaust emission; environment protection legislation; previous and future development viewpoint; Europe and world



Autor: Goran Šagi - orcid.org-0000-0003-2970-7897 ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture Rudo

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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