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Aim: To determine the incidence of anemia in type-2 diabetic patients with normal renal function and assess the association of other factors related to diabetes with the risk of anemia. Methods: The study group comprised 72 patients with type-2 diabetes. Patients were divided into groups according to glycemic control, gender and age. Serum creatinine, hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration, blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin HbA1c of subjects were measured. The presence of anemia was defined by a he- moglobin level < 13.0 g-dL in men and 7.5% compared to those with controlled diabetes ≤7.5% and in patients of age ≥ 60 yrs compared to those of age < 60 yrs p < 0.05. The odds of anemia was similar in males and females p = 0.26. Conclusion: This study indicated that poor glycemic control and old age are associated with the incidence of anemia in type-2 diabetics with normal renal function. Our findings suggest that treatment criteria for diabetes should include routine hematological tests and take into consideration the inevitable consequences of ageing, and poor glycemic control.

KEYWORDS

Anemia; Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus; Glycemic Control; Ageing; Gender

Cite this paper

Adejumo, B. , Dimkpa, U. , Ewenighi, C. , Onifade, A. , Mokogwu, A. , Erhabor, T. , Ukatu, E. and Nnatuanya, I. 2012 Incidence and risk of anemia in type-2 diabetic patients in the absence of renal impairment. Health, 4, 304-308. doi: 10.4236-health.2012.46050.





Autor: Babatunde Ishola Adejumo, Uchechukwu Dimkpa, Chinwe Obianuju Ewenighi, Abduffatah Adekunle Onifade, Azukaego Thomas Mokogwu, Tosa

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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