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Combining membrane potential imaging using voltage sensitive dyes with photolysis of l-glutamate or GABA allows the monitoring of electrical activity elicited by the neurotransmitter at different sub-cellular sites. Here we describe a simple system and some basic experimental protocols to achieve these measurements. We show how to apply the neurotransmitter and how to vary the dimension of the area of photolysis. We assess the localisation of photolysis and of the recorded membrane potential changes by depolarising the dendrites of cerebellar Purkinje neurons with l-glutamate photorelease using different experimental protocols. We further show in the apical dendrites of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons how l-glutamate photorelease can be used to calibrate fluorescence changes from voltage sensitive dyes in terms of membrane potential changes in mV and how GABA photorelease can be used to investigate the phenomenon of shunting inhibition. We also show how GABA photorelease can be used to measure chloride-mediated changes of membrane potential under physiological conditions originating from different regions of a neuron, providing important information on the local intracellular chloride concentrations. The method and the proof of principle reported here open the gateway to a variety of important applications where the advantages of this approach are necessary.



Autor: Kaspar E. Vogt, Stephan Gerharz, Jeremy Graham, Marco Canepari

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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