Utility of Survival Motor Neuron ELISA for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Clinical and Preclinical AnalysesReportar como inadecuado




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Objectives

Genetic defects leading to the reduction of the survival motor neuron protein SMN are a causal factor for Spinal Muscular Atrophy SMA. While there are a number of therapies under evaluation as potential treatments for SMA, there is a critical lack of a biomarker method for assessing efficacy of therapeutic interventions, particularly those targeting upregulation of SMN protein levels. Towards this end we have engaged in developing an immunoassay capable of accurately measuring SMN protein levels in blood, specifically in peripheral blood mononuclear cells PBMCs, as a tool for validating SMN protein as a biomarker in SMA.

Methods

A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA was developed and validated for measuring SMN protein in human PBMCs and other cell lysates. Protocols for detection and extraction of SMN from transgenic SMA mouse tissues were also developed.

Results

The assay sensitivity for human SMN is 50 pg-mL. Initial analysis reveals that PBMCs yield enough SMN to analyze from blood volumes of less than 1 mL, and SMA Type I patients- PBMCs show ∼90% reduction of SMN protein compared to normal adults. The ELISA can reliably quantify SMN protein in human and mouse PBMCs and muscle, as well as brain, and spinal cord from a mouse model of severe SMA.

Conclusions

This SMN ELISA assay enables the reliable, quantitative and rapid measurement of SMN in healthy human and SMA patient PBMCs, muscle and fibroblasts. SMN was also detected in several tissues in a mouse model of SMA, as well as in wildtype mouse tissues. This SMN ELISA has general translational applicability to both preclinical and clinical research efforts.



Autor: Dione T. Kobayashi , Rory J. Olson, Laurel Sly, Chad J. Swanson, Brett Chung, Nikolai Naryshkin, Jana Narasimhan, Anuradha Bhatta

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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