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Behavioural sleep problems, that is, sleep problems that do not have a physiological aetiology, but rather a behavioural or psychological aetiology, are reported in between 20% - 40% of children and adolescents. These sleep disorders are categorised as Behavioural Insomnia of Childhood BIC in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. BIC can result in short sleep duration and poor quality sleep and can have wide ranging effects on mental and physical health, cognitive and social functioning and development in infants, pre-schoolers, school aged children and adolescents. Each age group have a particular set of behaviourally based sleep disorders. This paper presents a broad overview of BIC and covers essential information about these sleep disorders, their aetiologies, effects on development and non medical treatment modalities.

KEYWORDS

Behavioural Sleep Disorders; Behavioural Insomnia; Behavioural Sleep Treatments; Delayed Phase

Cite this paper

Blunden, S. 2012. Behavioural Sleep Disorders across the Developmental Age Span: An Overview of Causes, Consequences and Treatment Modalities. Psychology, 3, 249-256. doi: 10.4236-psych.2012.33035.





Autor: Sarah Lee Blunden

Fuente: http://www.scirp.org/



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