Hepatic n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Depletion Promotes Steatosis and Insulin Resistance in Mice: Genomic Analysis of Cellular TargetsReportar como inadecuado




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Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are characterised by a decreased n-3-n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid PUFA ratio in hepatic phospholipids. The metabolic consequences of n-3 PUFA depletion in the liver are poorly understood. We have reproduced a drastic drop in n-3 PUFA among hepatic phospholipids by feeding C57Bl-6J mice for 3 months with an n-3 PUFA depleted diet DEF versus a control diet CT, which only differed in the PUFA content. DEF mice exhibited hepatic insulin resistance assessed by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and steatosis that was associated with a decrease in fatty acid oxidation and occurred despite a higher capacity for triglyceride secretion. Microarray and qPCR analysis of the liver tissue revealed higher expression of all the enzymes involved in lipogenesis in DEF mice compared to CT mice, as well as increased expression and activation of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c SREBP-1c. Our data suggest that the activation of the liver X receptor pathway is involved in the overexpression of SREBP-1c, and this phenomenon cannot be attributed to insulin or to endoplasmic reticulum stress responses. In conclusion, n-3 PUFA depletion in liver phospholipids leads to activation of SREBP-1c and lipogenesis, which contributes to hepatic steatosis.



Autor: Barbara D. Pachikian, Ahmed Essaghir, Jean-Baptiste Demoulin, Audrey M. Neyrinck, Emilie Catry, Fabienne C. De Backer, Nicolas De

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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