Financial Fragility, Business Creation and Job DestructionReport as inadecuate

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1 ECON - D├ępartement d-├ęconomie 2 OFCE - OFCE

Abstract : We build a model of endogenous destruction with credit and labor market imperfections, represented by a matching process between financiers and entrepreneurs on one hand, and entrepreneurs and workers on the other hand. Business creation, credit opening and job destruction represent three active margins of the model. Financial imperfections lead to financial fragility. This implies the existence of a forth latent margin which may be activated in the case of repudiation of financial contracts. This paradigm is applied to the recent development of the U.S. economy. An empirical test in panel of OECD countries further suggests the importance of venture capital for macroeconomic variables.

Author: Etienne Wasmer - Philippe Weil -



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