Gouvernance et régulation de lindustrie des hydrocarbures venezueliens : une analyse des relations Etat-sociétés pétrolièresReport as inadecuate




Gouvernance et régulation de lindustrie des hydrocarbures venezueliens : une analyse des relations Etat-sociétés pétrolières - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 LEPII - Laboratoire d-Économie de la Production et de l-Intégration Internationale

Abstract : Oil is an extremely desired strategic resource which is in the center of the cooperation, the tensions and the conflicts between the producing States and the consumers, between the owners of deposits and oil companies and also between oil companies and consumers. The preoccupation of the political economy is exactly to report the interweaving of the economicand political factors in the formation and in the evolution of the structures of the national petroleum industries. Any change concerning the access to the oil resource and to its rent engenders a redefining of the behaviour, the strategies and the objectives of the main actors.So, by analyzing the process of structuralization of the industry of hydrocarbons in Venezuela, the author attempts to explain the evolution of his mode of organization according to his strategy of regulation. The functional relation which stands out from it becomesidentified as a balance of power enters the Venezuelan State, the leaders of the national oil company PDVSA, the international oil companies, the consumers and the international organizations. The thesis reconstitutes the interaction between the maximization of the profitspursued by the oil companies and the forms of appropriation of the rents by the State. The control of the mechanisms of creation and appropriation of the rents allows then the main actors of the oil system to direct the oil Venezuelan policy according to their own interests.

Résumé : Dans cette thèse nous abordons les dimensions de pouvoir et de logique de marché. Nous nous interrogeons sur la manière dont les rapports de forces s-établissent entrele gouvernement et les compagnies pétrolières internationales mais aussi avec sa propre société pétrolière nationale. Comment deviennent-ils la norme - Comment influencent-ils les changements de la nature et de la structure de l-industrie - Comment s-inversent-ils -

keyword : NATIONAL OIL INDUSTRY RENT GOVERNANCE COMPAGNIE PETROLIERE PETROLE ETAT PDVSA VENEZUELA RENTE REGULATION GOUVERNANCE





Author: Achraf Benhassine -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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