Enhanced Neointima Formation Following Arterial Injury in Immune Deficient Rag-1−-− Mice Is Attenuated by Adoptive Transfer of CD8 T cellsReport as inadecuate




Enhanced Neointima Formation Following Arterial Injury in Immune Deficient Rag-1−-− Mice Is Attenuated by Adoptive Transfer of CD8 T cells - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

T cells modulate neointima formation after arterial injury but the specific T cell population that is activated in response to arterial injury remains unknown. The objective of the study was to identify the T cell populations that are activated and modulate neointimal thickening after arterial injury in mice. Arterial injury in wild type C57Bl6 mice resulted in T cell activation characterized by increased CD4+CD44hi and CD8+CD44hi T cells in the lymph nodes and spleens. Splenic CD8+CD25+ T cells and CD8+CD28+ T cells, but not CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD28+ T cells, were also significantly increased. Adoptive cell transfer of CD4+ or CD8+ T cells from donor CD8−-− or CD4−-− mice, respectively, to immune-deficient Rag-1−-− mice was performed to determine the T cell subtype that inhibits neointima formation after arterial injury. Rag-1−-− mice that received CD8+ T cells had significantly reduced neointima formation compared with Rag-1−-− mice without cell transfer. CD4+ T cell transfer did not reduce neointima formation. CD8+ T cells from CD4−-− mice had cytotoxic activity against syngeneic smooth muscle cells in vitro. The study shows that although both CD8+ T cells and CD4+ T cells are activated in response to arterial injury, adoptive cell transfer identifies CD8+ T cells as the specific and selective cell type involved in inhibiting neointima formation.



Author: Paul C. Dimayuga , Kuang-Yuh Chyu, Jonathan Kirzner, Juliana Yano, Xiaoning Zhao, Jianchang Zhou, Prediman K. Shah, Bojan Cercek

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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