Diversity of SCCmec Elements in Methicillin-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Clinical IsolatesReport as inadecuate




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Background

Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci MR-CoNS are opportunistic pathogens and serve as a large reservoir of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec SCCmec. Characterization of SCCmec in MR-CoNS can generate useful information on the mobilization and evolution of this element.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Non-repetitive MR-CoNS clinical isolates n = 84; 39 S. epidermidis, 19 S. haemolyticus, 9 S. hominis, 6 S. capitis, 4 S. warneri, 2 S. cohnii, 2 S. saprophyticus, 1 S. kloosii, 1 S. simulans and 1 S. massiliensis were collected. All isolates could grow on plates with 4 mg-L cefoxitin and all had mecA as detected by PCR. Strain typing using RAPD and ERIC-PCR revealed that almost all isolates were of different strains. SCCmec typing was performed using multiplex PCR published previously. For isolates in which SCCmec could not be typed, the mec complex classes were determined by additional PCR and the ccr genes were amplified with published or newly-designed primers and then sequenced. SCCmec types were assigned for 63 isolates by multiplex PCR and were assigned for 14 other isolates by PCR targeting mec and ccr. Among 77 isolates with determined SCCmec types, 54 had a single type, including type III n = 19, IV n = 14, V n = 10, II n = 2, I n = 1, VIII n = 1 and five unnamed types n = 7, while 23 isolates had two types, III+V n = 12, II+V n = 8, II+IV n = 2 or IV+V n = 1. The five unnamed types were assigned UT1 class A mec, ccrA1-ccrB4, UT2 class C1 mec, ccrA4-ccrB4, UT3 class A mec, ccrA5-ccrB3, UT4 class C2 mec, ccrA2-ccrB2 plus ccrC1 and UT5 class A mec, ccrA1-ccrB1 plus ccrC1.

Conclusions-Significance

SCCmec types III, IV and V were prevalent in MR-CoNS and many isolates could harbor more than one type. Several new types of SCCmec were identified, highlighting the great genetic diversity and the need of developing classification schemes for SCCmec in MR-CoNS.



Author: Zhiyong Zong , Chunhong Peng, Xiaoju Lü

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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