High Resolution Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography SD-OCT in Multiple Sclerosis: The First Follow Up Study over Two YearsReportar como inadecuado




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Background

-Non-invasive, faster and less expensive than MRI- and -the eye is a window to the brain- are recent slogans promoting optical coherence tomography OCT as a new surrogate marker in multiple sclerosis MS. Indeed, OCT allows for the first time a non-invasive visualization of axons of the central nervous system CNS. Reduction of retina nerve fibre layer RNFL thickness was suggested to correlate with disease activity and duration. However, several issues are unclear: Do a few million axons, which build up both optic nerves, really resemble billions of CNS neurons? Does global CNS damage really result in global RNFL reduction? And if so, does global RNFL reduction really exist in all MS patients, and follow a slowly but steadily ongoing pattern? How can these hypothesized subtle global RNFL changes be reliably measured and separated from the rather gross RNFL changes caused by optic neuritis? Before generally being accepted, this interpretation needs further critical and objective validation.

Methodology

We prospectively studied 37 MS patients with relapsing remitting n = 27 and secondary progressive n = 10 course on two occasions with a median interval of 22.4±0.5 months range 19–27. We used the high resolution spectral domain SD-OCT with the Spectralis 3.5 mm circle scan protocol with locked reference images and eye tracking mode. Patients with an attack of optic neuritis within 12 months prior to the onset of the study were excluded.

Principal Findings

Although the disease was highly active over the observation period in more than half of the included relapsing remitting MS patients 19 patients-32 relapses and the initial RNFL pattern showed a broad range, from normal to markedly reduced thickness, no significant changes between baseline and follow-up examinations could be detected.

Conclusions

These results show that caution is required when using OCT for monitoring disease activity and global axonal injury in MS.



Autor: Nermin Serbecic , Fahmy Aboul-Enein , Sven C. Beutelspacher, Clemens Vass, Wolfgang Kristoferitsch, Hans Lassmann, Andreas Reitne

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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