Influence of Some Socio-Economic Factors on Growth and Development of the Boys in the Tuzla Region Bosnia and HerzegovinaReportar como inadecuado

Influence of Some Socio-Economic Factors on Growth and Development of the Boys in the Tuzla Region Bosnia and Herzegovina - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Collegium antropologicum, Vol.31 No.2 April 2007. -

The impact of certain exogenous factor socio-economic, ecological has been investigated with special attention paid

to the parents’ living standard, and number of family members on some anthropometric parameters like: body height,

body mass, chest circumference, upper leg circumference, upper arm circumference, sitting height, arm length, leg length,

pelvis width, shoulders width, lenght of head and with of head on the sample of 698 boys aged 11 to 16 17 years in the

Tuzla region the northeastern Bosnia,Western Balkan peninsula. Anthropometric measurements have been carried out

using metodology proposed by the International Biological program IBP. The results of these investigations have shown

that there is a certain impact of the socio-eonomic conditions on the growth and development of boys. Children from families

that have better living standard are, as a rule, taller, which is indicated by the statistical significant differences P >

0.01. This trend indicates also value of Body Mass Index BMI, which is in younger children from the families with

lower living standard 16, while in the same category in the children from the families with better living standard it has

value 18.5. The real impact of living conditions on the dynamics of development could be the best seen in the period of puberty.

The number of children in the family has negative relationship with anthropometric features. Statistically significant

differences P > 0.001 have been detected in numerous analysed features in families with one or two children in

comparison with families with three, four, or five children. Therefore, BMI has been significantlly lower 16 in children

from familes with several children, while in the families with one child in the same growth class 11 years it was

significanlly higher 17.4. Similar value of BMI 17.9 have children from the families with five children and which are

17 years old. Besides socio-economic conditions, high level of environmental pollution which is typicall for Tuzla region

for a long time, has also significant impact on the growth and development of children.

anthropometric parameters; living standard; number of children; envronmental conditions; social class; social mobility

Autor: Amira Redžić - Jasminka Hadžihalilović -



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