TGF-β Induces Surface LAP Expression on Murine CD4 T Cells Independent of Foxp3 InductionReportar como inadecuado




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Background

It has been reported that human FOXP3+ CD4 Tregs express GARP-anchored surface latency-associated peptide LAP after activation, based on the use of an anti-human LAP mAb. Murine CD4 Foxp3+ Tregs have also been reported to express surface LAP, but these studies have been hampered by the lack of suitable anti-mouse LAP mAbs.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We generated anti-mouse LAP mAbs by immunizing TGF-β−-− animals with a mouse Tgfb1-transduced P3U1 cell line. Using these antibodies, we demonstrated that murine Foxp3+ CD4 Tregs express LAP on their surface. In addition, retroviral transduction of Foxp3 into mouse CD4+CD25− T cells induced surface LAP expression. We then examined surface LAP expression after treating CD4+CD25− T cells with TGF-β and found that TGF-β induced surface LAP not only on T cells that became Foxp3+ but also on T cells that remained Foxp3− after TGF-β treatment. GARP expression correlated with the surface LAP expression, suggesting that surface LAP is GARP-anchored also in murine T cells.

Conclusions-Significance

Unlike human CD4 T cells, surface LAP expression on mouse CD4 T cells is controlled by Foxp3 and TGF-β. Our newly described anti-mouse LAP mAbs will provide a useful tool for the investigation and functional analysis of T cells that express LAP on their surface.



Autor: Takatoku Oida, Howard L. Weiner

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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