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Abstract: The event-by-event analysis of high energy nuclear collisions aims atrevealing the richness of the underlying event structures and provide uniquemeasures of dynamical fluctuations associated with QGP phase transition. Themajor challenge in these studies is to separate the dynamical fluctuations fromthe many other sources which contribute to the measured values. We present thefluctuations in terms of event multiplicity, mean transverse momentum, ellipticflow, source sizes, particle ratios and net charge distributions. In addition,we discuss the effect of long range correlations, disoriented chiralcondensates and presence of jets. A brief review of various probes used forfluctuation studies and available experimental results are presented.



Autor: Tapan K. Nayak

Fuente: https://arxiv.org/







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