Ownership structure and profitability of the banking sector: The evidence from the SEE regionReport as inadecuate

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Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics : Journal of Economics and Business, Vol.26 No.1 June 2008. -

The purpose of the paper is to investigate the relationship between bank ownership and bank profi tability in six South-Eastern European countries SEE-6: Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, FYR Macedonia and Albania. Like in most other Eastern European countries the transition period in the selected set of six Balkan countries was characterised by a large infl ux of foreign investors, mostly Western European banks. As most of the authors emphasize the beneficial effects of foreign banks entry in developing Eastern European economies, it is still very little evidence on the impact of foreign owned banks on the profi tability in the banking industry in the SEE-6 region. Partly, these countries were included as a subset in some others, much broader studies, but the research performed specifically for this region is scarce. The empirical analysis is based on the available individual bank data provided by BankScope database. The profi tability indicators are selected following the recently published studies in the fi eld. In the fi rst part of the analysis the profitability differences between foreign owned and domestic banks are tested, whereas in the second part the bank level and country level determinants of specific profi tability indicators for foreign and domestic banks are detected, using the regression analysis. Results do not reveal any substantial statistically significant differences between profitability measures of domestic and foreign owned banks,while the econometric tests identify several factors that are clearly associated with bank profitability.

Banking; profitability; determinants; ownership; South-Eastern Europe

Author: Marko Košak - ; University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Economics, Ljubljana, Slovenia Mitja Čok - ; University of Ljubljana, Facul

Source: http://hrcak.srce.hr/


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