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Contemporary linguistics, Vol.41-42 No.1-2 June 1996. -

These alternatives exist as a reaction to the lexical impact of English or other languages

on Continental languages - to borrow the foreign word with whatever formal changes, to

use an existing native word and extend its meaning, and to render the English word by

translating it. The paper explores the evidence for the latter policy in meeting the English

challenge in sixteen European languages, distinguishing between three types of calquing:

loan translation, rendition and creation.

The data are taken from the new Usage Dictionary of Anglicisms in Selected European Languages

to be published by Oxford University Press in 1998, and the limitations of this

source with regard to the problem in question are explored. Structural and political-attitudinal

reasons are adduced to explain differences of purism apparent in the languages investigated.

Selective provisional entries, with experimental grids, are printed in the appendix

to detail the arguments and to visualize the geographic representation.



Autor: Manfred Görlach - ; Universität zu Köln

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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