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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.32 No.1 May 2008. -

The aim of this paper was to determine certain regularities in caries incidence in children in primary and permanent

dentition in respect of clinical and non-clinical variables that can be collected in everyday dental practice. This way it

could be easier for the operator to adjust individual preventive therapy of patients. The study was conducted on 301 subjects,

aged 3–6 74 subjects and 11–14 227 subjects inhabitants of Petrinja and Topusko, postwar rural and subrural

areas in Central Croatia. Using an oral hygiene questionnaire, habits, diet and use of fluoride were assessed. The clinical

finding comprised the dental status, amount of stimulated saliva, oral hygiene index and the presence of orthodontic

anomaly. Children showed very high values of the dmf-t-DMF-T decayed, missing, filled index 7.7-6.7, dmf-s-DMF-S

16,5-11,8, and significant index of caries SiC=10.89. The study confirmed correlation between the OHI oral hygiene

index and dmf-t-DMF-T and dmf-s-DMF-S index, and the influence of the regularity of dental check-ups and frequency

of tooth brushing on OHI. Furthermore, the children that started practicing oral hygiene later, brush their teeth irregularly,

and visit dentists only when having pain. It can be concluded that Croatia is still very far from achieving the goals

set by WHO concerning oral health improvement.

caries incidence; children; oral hygiene; caries risk assessment; postwar areas in Croatia

Autor: Hrvoje Jurić - Tatjana Klarić - Maja Žagar - Dino Buković Jr. - Bernard Janković - Stjepan Špalj -



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