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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.32 No.1 May 2008. -

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between type I diabetes mellitus DM and periodontal

disease in pregnant women. Fifty-two pregnant women aged 27.9±6.9 years with type I DM participated in the present

study. Forty-two non-pregnant type I female diabetics mean age: 27.9±6.1 years and 121 healthy non-pregnant women

mean age: 29.1±5.7 years without diabetes formed the control group. All subjects were given a clinical periodontal examination

including probing pocket depth PPD, probing attachment level PAL, assessment of plaque and gingivitis

scores SBI. Blood parameters included levels of hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, total cholesterol, triglyceride

and leukocytes. The pregnant diabetic subjects showed despite a good metabolic control significantly higher values for

the SBI compared to the controls. Pregnant diabetic subjects displayed a significant correlation between the dose of insulin

per day and PPD p0.05 as well as the PAL p0.05. In conclusion, the results of the study indicate that pregnant

diabetics demonstrate a higher degree of periodontal inflammation and destruction compared to non-pregnant diabetics

and healthy non-pregnant patients.

diabetes mellitus; periodontal disease; pregnancy in diabetes; oral health

Autor: Adrian Kasaj - Gregor Georg Zafiropoulos - Haki Tekyatan - Alex Pistorius - Brita Willershausen -



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