PTK6 Regulates IGF-1-Induced Anchorage-Independent SurvivalReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Proteins that are required for anchorage-independent survival of tumor cells represent attractive targets for therapeutic intervention since this property is believed to be critical for survival of tumor cells displaced from their natural niches. Anchorage-independent survival is induced by growth factor receptor hyperactivation in many cell types. We aimed to identify molecules that critically regulate IGF-1-induced anchorage-independent survival.

Methods and Results

We conducted a high-throughput siRNA screen and identified PTK6 as a critical component of IGF-1 receptor IGF-1R-induced anchorage-independent survival of mammary epithelial cells. PTK6 downregulation induces apoptosis of breast and ovarian cancer cells deprived of matrix attachment, whereas its overexpression enhances survival. Reverse-phase protein arrays and subsequent analyses revealed that PTK6 forms a complex with IGF-1R and the adaptor protein IRS-1, and modulates anchorage-independent survival by regulating IGF-1R expression and phosphorylation. PTK6 is highly expressed not only in the previously reported Her2+ breast cancer subtype, but also in high grade ER+, Luminal B tumors and high expression is associated with adverse outcomes.

Conclusions

These findings highlight PTK6 as a critical regulator of anchorage-independent survival of breast and ovarian tumor cells via modulation of IGF-1 receptor signaling, thus supporting PTK6 as a potential therapeutic target for multiple tumor types. The combined genomic and proteomic approaches in this report provide an effective strategy for identifying oncogenes and their mechanism of action.



Autor: Hanna Y. Irie, Yashaswi Shrestha, Laura M. Selfors, Fabianne Frye, Naoko Iida, Zhigang Wang, Lihua Zou, Jun Yao, Yiling Lu, Charl

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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