RAGE Modulates Hypoxia-Reoxygenation Injury in Adult Murine Cardiomyocytes via JNK and GSK-3β Signaling PathwaysReportar como inadecuado

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Advanced glycation end-products AGEs have been implicated in diverse pathological settings including diabetes, inflammation and acute ischemia-reperfusion injury in the heart. AGEs interact with the receptor for AGEs RAGE and transduce signals through activation of MAPKs and proapoptotic pathways. In the current study, adult cardiomyocytes were studied in an in vitro ischemia-reperfusion I-R injury model to delineate the molecular mechanisms underlying RAGE-mediated injury due to hypoxia-reoxygenation H-R.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Cardiomyocytes isolated from adult wild-type WT, homozygous RAGE-null RKO, and WT mice treated with soluble RAGE sRAGE were subjected to hypoxia for 30 minutes alone or followed by reoxygenation for 1 hour. In specific experiments, RAGE ligand carboxymethyllysine CML-AGE termed -CML- in this manuscript was evaluated in vitro. LDH, a marker of cellular injury, was assayed in the supernatant in the presence or absence of signaling inhibitor-treated cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocyte levels of heterogeneous AGEs were measured using ELISA. A pronounced increase in RAGE expression along with AGEs was observed in H-R vs. normoxia in WT cardiomyocytes. WT cardiomyocytes after H-R displayed increased LDH release compared to RKO or sRAGE-treated cardiomyocytes. Our results revealed significant increases in phospho-JNK in WT cardiomyocytes after H-R. In contrast, neither RKO nor sRAGE-treated cardiomyocytes exhibited increased phosphorylation of JNK after H-R stress. The impact of RAGE deletion on GSK-3β phosphorylation in the cardiomyocytes subjected to H-R revealed significantly higher levels of phospho-GSK-3β-total GSK-3β in RKO, as well as in sRAGE-treated cardiomyocytes versus WT cardiomyocytes after H-R. Further investigation established a key role for Akt, which functions upstream of GSK-3β, in modulating H-R injury in adult cardiomyocytes.


These data illustrate key roles for RAGE-ligand interaction in the pathogenesis of cardiomyocyte injury induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation and indicate that the effects of RAGE are mediated by JNK activation and dephosphorylation of GSK-3β. The outcome in this study lends further support to the potential use of RAGE blockade as an adjunctive therapy for protection of the ischemic heart.

Autor: Linshan Shang, Radha Ananthakrishnan, Qing Li, Nosirudeen Quadri, Mariane Abdillahi, Zhengbin Zhu, Wu Qu, Rosa Rosario, Fatouma T

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/


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