Temporal and Spatial Requirements of unplugged-MuSK Function during Zebrafish Neuromuscular DevelopmentReportar como inadecuado




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One of the earliest events in neuromuscular junction NMJ development is the accumulation of acetylcholine receptor AChR at the center of muscle cells. The unplugged-MuSK muscle specific tyrosine kinase gene is essential to initiate AChR clustering but also to restrict approaching growth cones to the muscle center, thereby coordinating pre- and postsynaptic development. To determine how unplugged-MuSK signaling coordinates these two processes, we examined the temporal and spatial requirements of unplugged-MuSK in zebrafish embryos using heat-shock inducible transgenes. Here, we show that despite its expression in muscle cells from the time they differentiate, unplugged-MuSK activity is first required just prior to the appearance of AChR clusters to simultaneously induce AChR accumulation and to guide motor axons. Furthermore, we demonstrate that ectopic expression of unplugged-MuSK throughout the muscle membrane results in wildtype-like AChR prepattern and neuromuscular synapses in the central region of muscle cells. We propose that AChR prepatterning and axonal guidance are spatio-temporally coordinated through common unplugged-MuSK signals, and that additional factors restrict unplugged-MuSK signaling to a central muscle zone critical for establishing mid-muscle synaptogenesis.



Autor: Lili Jing, Laura R. Gordon, Elena Shtibin, Michael Granato

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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