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Kindling might represent a heuristic model for understanding the etiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis-chronic fatigue syndrome ME-CFS. Kindling occurs when an organism is exposed repeatedly to an initially sub-threshold stimulus re-sulting in hypersensitivity and spontaneous seizure-like activity. Among patients with ME-CFS, chronically repeated low-intensity stimulation due to an infectious illness might cause kindling of the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Kindling might also occur by high-intensity stimulation e.g., brain trauma of the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Once this system is charged or kindled, it can sustain a high level of arousal with little or no external stimulus and eventually this could lead to hypocortisolism. Seizure activity may spread to adjacent structures of the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary axis in the brain, which might be responsible for the varied symptoms that occur among patients with ME-CFS. In addition, kindling may also be responsible for high levels of oxidative stress, which has been found in patients with ME-CFS.


Myalgic Encephalomyelitis-Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Kindling, Limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary Cxis

Cite this paper

L. Jason, M. Sorenson, N. Porter and N. Belkairous -An Etiological Model for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis-Chronic Fatigue Syndrome,- Neuroscience and Medicine, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2011, pp. 14-27. doi: 10.4236-nm.2011.21003.

Autor: Leonard A. Jason, Matthew Sorenson, Nicole Porter, Natalie Belkairous



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