Absence of p55 TNF Receptor Reduces Atherosclerosis, but Has No Major Effect on Angiotensin II Induced Aneurysms in LDL Receptor Deficient MiceReportar como inadecuado




Absence of p55 TNF Receptor Reduces Atherosclerosis, but Has No Major Effect on Angiotensin II Induced Aneurysms in LDL Receptor Deficient Mice - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Background

The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of p55 TNF Receptor p55 TNFR, the main signaling receptor for the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor TNF, in the development of two vascular disorders: atherosclerosis and angiotensin Ang II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysms AAA.

Methodology-Principal Findings

p55 TNFR deficient mice were crossed to an LDL receptor deficient background and were induced for the development of either atherosclerosis or AngII-induced AAA, and compared to littermate controls, wild-type for p55 TNFR expression. p55 TNFR deficient mice developed 43% smaller atherosclerotic lesions in the aortic sinuses compared to controls. Moreover, expression of CD68, a macrophage specific marker, exhibited a 50% reduction in the aortic arches. Decreased atherosclerosis correlated with a strong down-regulation in the expression of adhesion molecules, such as VCAM-1 and ICAM-1, by p55 TNFR deficient endothelium. In addition, expression levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines TNF, IL-6, MCP-1 and RANTES were significantly reduced in aortas of p55 TNFR deficient mice. In contrast, in the AngII-induced model of AAA, p55 TNFR deficiency correlated with a slight trend towards increased aneurismal lethality, but the incidence of aortic rupture due to a dissecting aneurysm, and the expansion of the suprarenal aorta were not significantly different compared to controls.

Conclusion-Significance

We found that p55 TNFR expression promotes atherosclerosis, among other mechanisms, by enhancing expression of endothelial adhesion molecules, while it seems to have no major role in the development of AngII-induced AAA.



Autor: Sofia Xanthoulea, Melanie Thelen, Chantal Pöttgens, Marion J. J. Gijbels, Esther Lutgens, Menno P. J. de Winther

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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