Impaired Nuclear Nrf2 Translocation Undermines the Oxidative Stress Response in Friedreich AtaxiaReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Friedreich ataxia originates from a decrease in mitochondrial frataxin, which causes the death of a subset of neurons. The biochemical hallmarks of the disease include low activity of the iron sulfur cluster-containing proteins ISP and impairment of antioxidant defense mechanisms that may play a major role in disease progression.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We thus investigated signaling pathways involved in antioxidant defense mechanisms. We showed that cultured fibroblasts from patients with Friedreich ataxia exhibited hypersensitivity to oxidative insults because of an impairment in the Nrf2 signaling pathway, which led to faulty induction of antioxidant enzymes. This impairment originated from previously reported actin remodeling by hydrogen peroxide.

Conclusions-Significance

Thus, the defective machinery for ISP synthesis by causing mitochondrial iron dysmetabolism increases hydrogen peroxide production that accounts for the increased susceptibility to oxidative stress.



Autor: Vincent Paupe, Emmanuel P. Dassa, Sergio Goncalves, Françoise Auchère, Maria Lönn, Arne Holmgren, Pierre Rustin

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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