In-Silico Modeling of the Mitotic Spindle Assembly CheckpointReportar como inadecuado




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Background

The Mitotic Spindle Assembly Checkpoint MSAC is an evolutionary conserved mechanism that ensures the correct segregation of chromosomes by restraining cell cycle progression from entering anaphase until all chromosomes have made proper bipolar attachments to the mitotic spindle. Its malfunction can lead to cancer.

Principle Findings

We have constructed and validated for the human MSAC mechanism an in silico dynamical model, integrating 11 proteins and complexes. The model incorporates the perspectives of three central control pathways, namely Mad1-Mad2 induced Cdc20 sequestering based on the Template Model, MCC formation, and APC inhibition. Originating from the biochemical reactions for the underlying molecular processes, non-linear ordinary differential equations for the concentrations of 11 proteins and complexes of the MSAC are derived. Most of the kinetic constants are taken from literature, the remaining four unknown parameters are derived by an evolutionary optimization procedure for an objective function describing the dynamics of the APC:Cdc20 complex. MCC:APC dissociation is described by two alternatives, namely the -Dissociation- and the -Convey- model variants. The attachment of the kinetochore to microtubuli is simulated by a switching parameter silencing those reactions which are stopped by the attachment. For both, the Dissociation and the Convey variants, we compare two different scenarios concerning the microtubule attachment dependent control of the dissociation reaction. Our model is validated by simulation of ten perturbation experiments.

Conclusion

Only in the controlled case, our models show MSAC behaviour at meta- to anaphase transition in agreement with experimental observations. Our simulations revealed that for MSAC activation, Cdc20 is not fully sequestered; instead APC is inhibited by MCC binding.



Autor: Bashar Ibrahim, Stephan Diekmann, Eberhard Schmitt, Peter Dittrich

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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