The Effect of Nonaromatic Naphthalane on Mice Oral Planocellular Carcinoma - a Pilot StudyReport as inadecuate

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Acta stomatologica Croatica, Vol.38 No.4 December 2004. -

Nonaromatic naphthalane (NAVS) is a specific fraction of Croatian oil, extremely rich in steranes from which the aromatic system is removed. Steranes are attributed with bioactivity similar to steroid hormones, modulators of tumour growth. Encouraged by the results of earlier in vitro and in vivo studies on the inhibitory effect of NAVS on the growth of planocellular carcinoma, we carried out a study on its effect on oral planocellular carcinoma (OPCC) in mice.

Aims: 1) To test the validity of the simple experimental model OPCC, 2) to test possible antiproliferative effect of NAVS on the above model by monitoring tumour growth, 3) to test the antineoangiogenic effect of NAVS to explain the possible antiproliferative effect, and to estimate the possibility of crisis reactivity of anti-human immunohistochemical markers with mice tissue. A suspension of 100 μl s 105 SCC VII cell was inoculated intraorally under the buccal mucous membrane in 48 syngeneic C3H mice. Seven days after inoculation the animals were divided in six equal groups and the mice, depending on the group, were intratumorously injected with 100 μl of the following substances: paraffin oil (PO) as a negative control, NAVS (in one group 7 days, and in the second group 14 days, after inoculation of the tumour), 1.25 dihydroxyergotamine (1.25-D3) as a positive control, and a combination of NAVS with 1.25 D3 and PO with 1.25- D3. Tumour growth was monitored weekly by measuring with callipers. The animals were sacrificed 1, 2, 3 and 4 week after application of the tested substance. Histological specimens of explanted tumours were stained with hematoxylin-eozine, and immunohistochemically with anti-CD34 antibodies for estimation of tumour neoangiogenesis. Compared with the PO group, tumour growth and angiogenesis were decreased in the 1.25-D3 and NAVS groups. NAVS probably reduced growth by OPCC inhibition of vascular proliferation, needed for tumour growth.

Author: Ivan Alajbeg - Siniša Ivanković - Mislav Jurin - Ahmed Pirkić - Iva Alajbeg-Žilić - Ana Cekić-Arambašin -



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