Changes in the Central Nervous Activity of Rats Treated with Dimethoate in Combination with Other Neurotoxicants in Different Phases of OntogenesisReportar como inadecuado




Changes in the Central Nervous Activity of Rats Treated with Dimethoate in Combination with Other Neurotoxicants in Different Phases of Ontogenesis - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Vol.56 No.3 July 2005. -

Organophosphates are usually found in the environment with other pesticides and with pollutants of industrial origin can cause combined exposure involving unknown interactions between the agents. In this study, female Wistar rats were given 1-25 LD50 of dimethoate by gavage, combined with the same LD50 fractions of propoxur and cypermethrin or with arsenic (6.66 mg kg-1). The doses were given from day 5 to 15 of pregnancy, or that plus for the 4 weeks of lactation, or that plus 8 weeks for the male offspring after weaning. Control rats received distilled water. Electrophysiological recording was done when the male offspring reached 12 weeks of age. Spontaneous activity and evoked potentials from the somatosensory, visual and auditory cortex; and conduction velocity and absolute and relative refractory periods of the tail nerve were measured. The general trend was a shift of the spontaneous cortical activity to higher frequencies and increase in the evoked potential latency. The results showed that combined exposure to several environmental toxicants could be more harmful than the effects of each substance alone, indicating the importance of combination toxicology in modelling human effects. Furthermore, these results emphasize the importance of avoiding toxic exposures in pregnant and nursing women.

central nervous activity; development; dimethoate; heavy metals; insecticides; neurotoxicants; neurotoxicity; ontogenesis; rats



Autor: Zsuzsanna Lengyel - Zita Fazakas - Laszlo Nagymajtenyi -

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados