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1 Mondes Iranien et Indien - UMR 7528 2 LabEx EFL - LabEx Empirical Foundations of Linguistics

Abstract : Providing evidence from Hindi, the present study determines the crucial role played by the protasis (or antecedent or P-clause) in the actualization of conditional constructions. It maintains that tense-aspect-mood elements of the protasis establish different degrees of hypotheticality in a conditional statement. The paper questions some widespread misunderstandings about the clause ordering in conditional constructions, namely that condi-tionals can exhibit both the protasis-apodosis (P-Q) and apodosis-protasis (Q-P) orderings. By examining data from Hindi and making reference to data from other languages, the paper reiterates our earlier claim that protasis-apodosis ordering in conditional constructions cannot be reversed and advances a new idea that a -conditional string- is the defining characteristic of a conditional construction. In other words, it is either the proposition contained in the apodosis – not the entire apodosis – which is pre-posed by the speaker to accomplish different communicative tasks, or the entire -conditional string- which is added to a non-conditional statement to give it conditional dimensions.

Keywords : Hindi conditionals protases

Autor: Ghanshyam Sharma -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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