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Revista Científica Guillermo de Ockham 2016, 14 (1)

Autor: Johannes Bronkhorst

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/


Revista Científica Guillermo de Ockham ISSN: 1794-192X investigaciones@ubscali.edu.co Universidad de San Buenaventura Cali Colombia Bronkhorst, Johannes Who were the Carvakas? Revista Científica Guillermo de Ockham, vol.
14, núm.
1, 2016 Universidad de San Buenaventura Cali Cali, Colombia Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=105345260003 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Rev.
Guillermo de Ockham 14 (1): xx-xx, 2016 Artículo IN PRESS Who were the Cārvākas?* Johannes Bronkhorst1 University of Lausanne (Switzerland) Recibido: Noviembre 10 de 2015 – Revisado: Febrero 20 de 2016 – Aceptado: Marzo 14 de 2016 Referencias formato APA: Bronkhorst, J.
Who were the Cārvākas?.
Guillermo de Ockham, 14(1), pp-pp. This work is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND A great number of classical Sanskrit texts, most of them philosophical, refer to the Cārvākas or Lokāyatas (also Laukāyatikas, Lokāyatikas, Bārhaspatyas) 2 who must have constituted a school of thought which has left us almost no literary documents.3 They once possessed a Sūtra text and several commentaries thereon, for fragments have been preserved in the works of those who criticise them.4 In modern secondary literature the Cārvākas are usually referred to as “materialists”, which is somewhat unfortunate.
It is true that the Sūtra text (sometime called Bārhaspatya Sūtra) accepts as only principles (tattva) the four elements earth, water, fire and air;5 yet the term “materialism” and its cognates evoke in the modern world associations which are not necessarily appropriate for this ancient school of thought.
For Marxist historians in particular, materialism is the opposite of idealism; the former is knowledge, the lat...

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