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Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency AHVLA, Epidemiology, Surveillance & Risk Group, New Haw, Surrey, Addlestone KT15 3NB, UK





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Abstract Bat-borne viruses can pose a serious threat to human health, with examples including Nipah virus NiV in Bangladesh and Malaysia, and Marburg virus MARV in Africa. To date, significant human outbreaks of such viruses have not been reported in the European Union EU. However, EU countries have strong historical links with many of the countries where NiV and MARV are present and a corresponding high volume of commercial trade and human travel, which poses a potential risk of introduction of these viruses into the EU. In assessing the risks of introduction of these bat-borne zoonotic viruses to the EU, it is important to consider the location and range of bat species known to be susceptible to infection, together with the virus prevalence, seasonality of viral pulses, duration of infection and titre of virus in different bat tissues. In this paper, we review the current scientific knowledge of all these factors, in relation to the introduction of NiV and MARV into the EU. View Full-Text

Keywords: bats; viruses; Nipah; Marburg; European Union; risk bats; viruses; Nipah; Marburg; European Union; risk





Autor: Robin R. L. Simons * , Paul Gale, Verity Horigan, Emma L. Snary and Andrew C. Breed

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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