Limited Stability of Microcystins in Oligopeptide Compositions of Microcystis aeruginosa Cyanobacteria: Implications in the Definition of ChemotypesReportar como inadecuado




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Departamento de Biología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, C-Darwin, 2, Madrid 28049, Spain





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Abstract The occurrence of diverse oligopeptides in cyanobacteria, including the cyanotoxins microcystins, has been recently used to classify individual clones into sub-specific oligopeptide chemotypes, whose composition and dynamics modulate microcystin concentrations in cyanobacterial blooms. Cyanobacterial chemotyping allows the study of the ecology of chemotypical subpopulations, which have been shown to possess dissimilar ecological traits. However, the stability of chemotypes under changing abiotic conditions is usually assumed and has not been assessed in detail. We monitored oligopeptide patterns of three strains of Microcystis aeruginosa under different nutrient and light conditions. MALDI-TOF MS revealed alterations in the microcystins signatures under N and P poor conditions and high light intensities 150 and 400 μmol photons m−2s−1. Variations in the general oligopeptide composition were caused by a gradual disappearance of microcystins with low relative intensity signals from the fingerprint. The extent of such variations seems to be closely related to physiological stress caused by treatments. Under identical clonal compositions, alterations in the oligopeptide fingerprint may be misinterpreted as apparent shifts in chemotype succession. We discuss the nature of such variations, as well as the consequent implications in the use of cyanobacterial chemotyping in studies at the subpopulation level and propose new guidance for the definition of chemotypes as a consistent subpopulation marker. View Full-Text

Keywords: MALDI-TOF MS; chemotype; stability; nutrient deficiency; light; oligopeptide MALDI-TOF MS; chemotype; stability; nutrient deficiency; light; oligopeptide





Autor: Ramsy Agha, Samuel Cirés, Lars Wörmer and Antonio Quesada *

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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