Do Private Sustainability Standards Contribute to Income Growth and Poverty Alleviation A Comparison of Different Coffee Certification Schemes in EthiopiaReportar como inadecuado


Do Private Sustainability Standards Contribute to Income Growth and Poverty Alleviation A Comparison of Different Coffee Certification Schemes in Ethiopia


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1

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, 307 Jimma, Ethiopia

2

Division of Bioeconomics, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium

3

Business Economics Group, Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands

4

Department of Geography, Ghent University, 9000 Gent, Belgium





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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Moya Kneafsey

Abstract Private sustainability standards are increasingly important in food trade with developing countries, but the implications for smallholder farmers are still poorly understood. We analyze the implications of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia using cross-sectional survey data, and regression and propensity-score-matching techniques. We find that: Rainforest Alliance RA and double Fairtrade-Organic FT-Org certifications are associated with higher incomes and reduced poverty, mainly because of higher prices; Fairtrade FT certification hardly affects welfare; and Organic Org certification reduces incomes, chiefly due to lower yields. Cooperative heterogeneity importantly shapes these results. Results imply that private standards may not always deliver what they promise to consumers. View Full-Text

Keywords: private standards; sustainability standards; global value chains; coffee certification; poverty impact; Ethiopia private standards; sustainability standards; global value chains; coffee certification; poverty impact; Ethiopia





Autor: Fikadu Mitiku 1,2,* , Yann de Mey 3, Jan Nyssen 4 and Miet Maertens 2

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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