Performance of a Protected Wireless Sensor Network in a Fire. Analysis of Fire Spread and Data TransmissionReport as inadecuate




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University of Corsica-UMR CNRS SPE, Quartier Grossetti 20250 Corte, France





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Abstract The paper deals with a Wireless Sensor Network WSN as a reliable solution for capturing the kinematics of a fire front spreading over a fuel bed. To provide reliable information in fire studies and support fire fighting strategies, a Wireless Sensor Network must be able to perform three sequential actions: 1 sensing thermal data in the open as the gas temperature; 2 detecting a fire i.e., the spatial position of a flame; 3 tracking the fire spread during its spatial and temporal evolution. One of the great challenges in performing fire front tracking with a WSN is to avoid the destruction of motes by the fire. This paper therefore shows the performance of Wireless Sensor Network when the motes are protected with a thermal insulation dedicated to track a fire spreading across vegetative fuels on a field scale. The resulting experimental WSN is then used in series of wildfire experiments performed in the open in vegetation areas ranging in size from 50 to 1,000 m². View Full-Text

Keywords: wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread wireless sensor network; thermal insulation; natural fire; fire spread





Author: Thierry Antoine-Santoni * , Jean-François Santucci, Emmanuelle De Gentili, Xavier Silvani and Frederic Morandini

Source: http://mdpi.com/



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