Cell-Penetrating Penta-Peptides CPP5s: Measurement of Cell Entry and Protein-Transduction ActivityReportar como inadecuado




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1

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology-Oncology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

2

Department of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

3

Case Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

4

Department of Ophthalmology, Vision Science Research Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

5

Division of General Medical Science, Oncology Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Abstract Previously, we developed cell-penetrating penta-peptides CPP5s. In the present study, VPTLK and KLPVM, two representative CPP5s, were used to characterize the cell-penetration and protein-transduction activities of these small molecules. Various inhibitors of endocytosis and pinocytosis chlorpromazine, cytochalasin D, Filipin III, amiloride, methyl-b-cyclodextrin, and nocodazole were tested. Only cytochalasin D showed suppression of CPP5 entry, though the effect was partial. In addition, CPP5s were able to enter a proteoglycan-deficient CHO cell line. These results suggest that pinocytosis and endocytosis may play only a minor role in the cell entry of CPP5s. By mass spectrometry, we determined that the intracellular concentration of VPTLK ranged from 20 nM to 6.0 mM when the cells were cultured in medium containing 1 mM – 1.6 mM VPTLK. To determine the protein-transduction activity of CPP5s, the Tex-LoxP EG cell line, which has a Cre-inducible green fluorescent protein GFP gene, was used. VPTLK and KLPVM were added to the N-terminus of Cre, and these fusion proteins were added to the culture medium of Tex-LoxP EG cells. Both VPTLK-Cre and KLPVM-Cre were able to turn on GFP expression in these cells, suggesting that CPP5s have protein-transduction activity. Since CPP5s have very low cytotoxic activity, even at a concentration of 1.6 mM in the medium, CPP5s could be utilized as a new tool for drug delivery into cells. View Full-Text

Keywords: Cell-Penetrating Peptide CPP, Cell-Penetrating Penta-peptide CPP5, Bax Inhibiting Peptide BIP, Protein Transduction, Ku70, Bax, Apoptosis, Drug Delivery Cell-Penetrating Peptide CPP, Cell-Penetrating Penta-peptide CPP5, Bax Inhibiting Peptide BIP, Protein Transduction, Ku70, Bax, Apoptosis, Drug Delivery





Autor: Jose A. Gomez 1,2, Joseph Chen 1, Justine Ngo 1, Dagmar Hajkova 2,3, I-Ju Yeh 1,2, Vivian Gama 1,2, Masaru Miyagi 3,4 and Shigemi Matsuyama 1,2,5,*

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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