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1

School of Human Ecology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA

2

Food & Nutrition Database Research, Inc., Shadywood Lane, Okemos, MI 48864, USA

3

Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, MI 49014, USA

4

USDA-ARS Childrens Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Abstract Identification of current food sources of energy and nutrients among US adults is needed to help with public health efforts to implement feasible and appropriate dietary recommendations. To determine the food sources of energy and 26 nutrients consumed by US adults the 2003–2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES 24-h recall Day 1 dietary intake data from a nationally representative sample of adults 19+ years of age y n = 9490 were analyzed. An updated USDA Dietary Source Nutrient Database was developed for NHANES 2003–2006 using current food composition databases. Food grouping included ingredients from disaggregated mixtures. Mean energy and nutrient intakes from food sources were sample-weighted. Percentages of total dietary intake contributed from food sources were ranked. The highest ranked sources of energy and nutrients among adults more than 19 years old were: energy — yeast bread-rolls 7.2% and cake-cookies-quick bread-pastry-pie 7.2%; protein—poultry 14.4% and beef 14.0%; total fat — other fats and oils 9.8%; saturated fatty acids — cheese 16.5% and beef 9.1%; carbohydrate — soft drinks-soda 11.4% and yeast breads-rolls 10.9%; dietary fiber — yeast breads-rolls 10.9% and fruit 10.2%; calcium — milk 22.5% and cheese 21.6%; vitamin D — milk 45.1% and fish-shellfish 14.4%; and potassium — milk 9.6% and coffee-tea-other non-alcoholic beverages 8.4%. Knowledge of primary food sources of energy and nutrients can help health professionals design effective strategies to reduce excess energy consumed by US adults and increase the nutrient adequacy of their diets. View Full-Text

Keywords: NHANES; energy intake; nutrients; nutrient intakes adults; food sources NHANES; energy intake; nutrients; nutrient intakes adults; food sources





Autor: Carol E. ONeil 1,* , Debra R. Keast 2, Victor L. Fulgoni 3 and Theresa A. Nicklas 4

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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