Carbon-Carbon Cross Coupling Reactions in Ionic Liquids Catalysed by Palladium Metal NanoparticlesReportar como inadecuado




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1

Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Gonçalves 9500, 91501-970 Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil

2

Institute of Chemistry, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Brook-Taylor-Str. 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Abstract A brief summary of selected pioneering and mechanistic contributions in the field of carbon-carbon cross-coupling reactions with palladium nanoparticles Pd-NPs in ionic liquids ILs is presented. Five exemplary model systems using the Pd-NPs-ILs approach are presented: Heck, Suzuki, Stille, Sonogashira and Ullmann reactions which all have in common the use of ionic liquids as reaction media and the use of palladium nanoparticles as reservoir for the catalytically active palladium species.

Keywords: palladium; nanoparticles; ionic liquids; cross-coupling; Heck; Suzuki; Stille; Sonogashira; Ullmann palladium; nanoparticles; ionic liquids; cross-coupling; Heck; Suzuki; Stille; Sonogashira; Ullmann





Autor: Martin H. G. Prechtl 1,2,* , Jackson D. Scholten 1 and Jairton Dupont 1

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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