Astaxanthin Inhibits PC-3 Xenograft Prostate Tumor Growth in Nude MiceReportar como inadecuado


Astaxanthin Inhibits PC-3 Xenograft Prostate Tumor Growth in Nude Mice


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1

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China

2

College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Keith B. Glaser

Abstract Prostate cancer PCa, the most common malignancy in men, is a major cause of cancer deaths. A better understanding of the mechanisms that drive tumor initiation and progression may identify actionable targets to improve treatment of this patient group. As a dietary carotenoid, astaxanthin has been demonstrated to exert beneficial effects against inflammation, cardiovascular disease, oxidative damage, or different cancer sites. This study used intragastric administration of astaxanthin to detect its role on tumor proliferation, apoptosis, microRNA miRNA overexpression, and microbacteria composition change by establishing androgen-independent PCa cell PC-3 xenograft nude mice. Nude mice were inoculated with androgen-independent prostate cancer PC-3 cells subcutaneously. The intervention was started when tumors reached 0.5–0.6 cm in diameter. Mice were intragastrically administered 100 mg-kg astaxanthin HA, 25 mg-kg astaxanthin LA, or olive oil TC. The results showed that 100 mg-kg astaxanthin significantly inhibited tumor growth compared to the TC group, with an inhibitory rate of 41.7%. A decrease of Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen PCNA as well as an increase of cleaved caspase-3 were observed in HA-treated tumors, along with increasing apoptotic cells, obtained by TUNEL assay. The HA significantly elevated the levels of tumor suppressors miR-375 and miR-487b in tumor tissues and the amount of Lactobacillus sp. and Lachnospiraceae in mice stools, while there was no significant difference between LA and TC groups. These results provide a promising regimen to enhance the therapeutic effect in a dietary supplement manner. View Full-Text

Keywords: prostate cancer; astaxanthin; immunohistochemistry; PCR-DGGE; miRNA prostate cancer; astaxanthin; immunohistochemistry; PCR-DGGE; miRNA





Autor: Xiaofeng Ni 1, Haining Yu 2, Shanshan Wang 1, Chengcheng Zhang 1 and Shengrong Shen 1,*

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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