α-Synuclein and DJ-1 as Potential Biological Fluid Biomarkers for Parkinson’s DiseaseReportar como inadecuado




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Laboratory for Chemistry and Metabolism, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, Tokyo, 183-8526, Japan





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Abstract Parkinson’s disease PD is the most common form of movement disorder and affects approximately 4% of the population aged over 80 years old. Currently, PD cannot be prevented or cured, and no single diagnostic biomarkers are available. Notably, recent studies suggest that two familial PD-linked molecules, α-synuclein and DJ-1, are present in cerebrospinal fluid CSF and that their levels may be altered during the progression of PD. In this regard, sensitive and accurate methods for evaluation of α-synuclein and DJ-1 levels in the CSF and blood have been developed, and the results suggest that the levels of both molecules are significantly decreased in the CSF in patients with PD compared with age-matched controls. Furthermore, specific detection and quantification of neurotoxic oligometric forms of α-synuclein in the blood using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays might be expected as potential peripheral biomarkers for PD, although further validation is required. Currently, neither α-synuclein nor DJ-1 is satisfactory as a single biomarker for PD, but combinatory evaluation of these biological fluid molecules with other biomarkers and imaging techniques may provide reliable information for diagnosis of PD. View Full-Text

Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; cerebrospinal fluid; biomarker; α-synuclein; DJ-1 Parkinson’s disease; cerebrospinal fluid; biomarker; α-synuclein; DJ-1





Autor: Masaaki Waragai * , Kazunari Sekiyama, Akio Sekigawa, Yoshiki Takamatsu, Masayo Fujita and Makoto Hashimoto

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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