Pattern-Recognition Receptor Signaling Regulator mRNA Expression in Humans and Mice, and in Transient Inflammation or Progressive FibrosisReportar como inadecuado




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Medical Clinic and Policlinic IV, Nephrology Center, University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany



These authors contributed equally to this work.





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Abstract The cell type-, organ-, and species-specific expression of the pattern-recognition receptors PRRs are well described but little is known about the respective expression profiles of their negative regulators. We therefore determined the mRNA expression levels of A20, CYLD, DUBA, ST2, CD180, SIGIRR, TANK, SOCS1, SOCS3, SHIP, IRAK-M, DOK1, DOK2, SHP1, SHP2, TOLLIP, IRF4, SIKE, NLRX1, ERBIN, CENTB1, and Clec4a2 in human and mouse solid organs. Humans and mice displayed significant differences between their respective mRNA expression patterns of these factors. Additionally, we characterized their expression profiles in mononuclear blood cells upon bacterial endotoxin, which showed a consistent induction of A20, SOCS3, IRAK-M, and Clec4a2 in human and murine cells. Furthermore, we studied the expression pattern in transient kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury versus post-ischemic atrophy and fibrosis in mice. A20, CD180, ST2, SOCS1, SOCS3, SHIP, IRAK-M, DOK1, DOK2, IRF4, CENTB1, and Clec4a2 were all induced, albeit at different times of injury and repair. Progressive fibrosis was associated with a persistent induction of these factors. Thus, the organ- and species-specific expression patterns need to be considered in the design and interpretation of studies related to PRR-mediated innate immunity, which seems to be involved in tissue injury, tissue regeneration and in progressive tissue scarring. View Full-Text

Keywords: inflammation; Toll-like receptors; infection; fibrogenesis; atrophy; pattern recognition receptors; chronic disease; innate immunity inflammation; Toll-like receptors; infection; fibrogenesis; atrophy; pattern recognition receptors; chronic disease; innate immunity





Autor: Roman Günthner * , Vankayala Ramaiah Santhosh Kumar, Georg Lorenz, Hans-Joachim Anders and Maciej Lech †

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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