Fatty Acids Composition of Vegetable Oils and Its Contribution to Dietary Energy Intake and Dependence of Cardiovascular Mortality on Dietary Intake of Fatty AcidsReportar como inadecuado




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1

Language Centre, Faculty of Humanities, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. T. G. Masaryka 5555, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic

2

Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. T. G. Masaryka 5555, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic

3

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. T. G. Masaryka 5555, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic





*

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.



Academic Editor: Cenk Suphioglu

Abstract Characterizations of fatty acids composition in % of total methylester of fatty acids FAMEs of fourteen vegetable oils—safflower, grape, silybum marianum, hemp, sunflower, wheat germ, pumpkin seed, sesame, rice bran, almond, rapeseed, peanut, olive, and coconut oil—were obtained by using gas chromatography GC. Saturated SFA, monounsaturated MUFA and polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFA, palmitic acid C16:0; 4.6%–20.0%, oleic acid C18:1; 6.2%–71.1% and linoleic acid C18:2; 1.6%–79%, respectively, were found predominant. The nutritional aspect of analyzed oils was evaluated by determination of the energy contribution of SFAs 19.4%–695.7% ERDI, PUFAs 10.6%–786.8% ERDI, n-3 FAs 4.4%–117.1% ERDI and n-6 FAs 1.8%–959.2% ERDI, expressed in % ERDI of 1 g oil to energy recommended dietary intakes ERDI for total fat ERDI—37.7 kJ-g. The significant relationship between the reported data of total fat, SFAs, MUFAs and PUFAs intakes % ERDI for adults and mortality caused by coronary heart diseases CHD and cardiovascular diseases CVD in twelve countries has not been confirmed by Spearman’s correlations. View Full-Text

Keywords: vegetable oils; fatty acids; cardiovascular diseases; coronary heart diseases; Spearman’s correlation vegetable oils; fatty acids; cardiovascular diseases; coronary heart diseases; Spearman’s correlation





Autor: Jana Orsavova 1, Ladislava Misurcova 2,* , Jarmila Vavra Ambrozova 2, Robert Vicha 3 and Jiri Mlcek 2

Fuente: http://mdpi.com/



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